over view of blackhat seo

Recently there was a discussion about the SEO in which I saw a little messages posted by vijay kudal and niladari.

So I thought I should also put my opinion on the same, there were the discussion of Blackhat seo which made me interested to write this explanatory note.

Basically we all have heard about Blackhat seo but do not know what is a black hat seo and we are scared when we hear the word blackhat seo, we feel this is something which is un-ethical but its not.

Let me explain how-

As you all know that google put your links and content on the websites based on the content, meta tags and key words. More important is the keywords. So lets assume a company want their google rating based on the keyword drupal development.

The in blackhat seo the same word Drupal Development is enterted in keywords in the following way

Drupal Development, DRupal Development, DRUpal Development, DRUPal Development, DRUPAl Development, DRUPAL Development, drupal development, dRUPAL Development and so on.

So in this way there are repeated changes in the two keyword in caps and small letters. This is on page blackhat seo

Another interesting thing to know is off page blackhat seo.

As you all might know that computer only understand binary- 0101010 etc, it do not read images, alphabets etc. ( Keep this point in mind for later reminder)

Now in off page blackhat seo what the SEO people do is that they are going to put your articles and blogs in multiple forums, blogs, websites using the softwares like xrummer.

This software simply are made in such a way that it randomly post your articles on millions of forums, blogs which comes in its way and keeps on repeating it.

To prevent this a technique companies started to use were CAPTCHA which is only readable by Human EYES and not by any software, but as I told earlier computer only understand binary and all the images, captcha codes are generated by the computer using binary, we as humans see captcha as image verification or answer to a question or colour matching but computer converts our answers into binary and matches with the binary in its algorothim.

So now these new softwares like xrummer simply creates random binary codes and enters multiple codes in the captcha whose matching frequency is 1 in 10000.

This way this software is able to by-pass captcha also.

So basically blackhat is nothing but just to make fool of search engine by manuplating the algorothim and nothing else.

Why black hat seo is un-ethical. There is nothing un-ethical in blackhat seo only point which is un-ethical is that it by-pass the captcha codes by breaking the algorothim and entering into the database of any website to post news, articles and blogs.

It may sometime also crash the website which makes it un-ethical.

Google have now also changed its search engine algorothim which creates more difficulties for Black Hat SEO.

Regards

I am also copy and pasting a small definition list by search engine journal website below for easy understanding.

SEOrefugee thread opened up a great discussion on what BlackHat SEO literally is. I also got definitions from Google and Wikipedia in an effort to organize all definitions in some way:

Definitions focusing on cheating:

Blackhat SEO “exploits weaknesses in the algo by breaking the webmaster guidelines”. Blackhat SEO is primarily about “cheating” / “manipulating” search engines. It is also about “misrepresenting content to search engines”.

Definition focusing on people:

Blackhat SEO is focused on machine whereas Whitehat SEO is focused on an end user.

Definitions focusing on money:

Blackhat SEO focuses on earning “money without even trying to provide any value to the visitors”

Definitions focusing on search engine guidelines:

Black hat = search engine guidelines violations (White hat = no guidelines violations).

Read more: http://www.searchenginejournal.com/what-is-blackhat-seo-5-definitions/8151/#ixzz1UdRQ5AtR

Why and How foriegn and Indian corporate Companies screw Indian customers

Ever since my young age, I always use to think How forign  corporations and giant Indian companies are able to screw the customers and still be successful in the market.

And luckily today I got the answer which is pretty simple the Indian government is really fool, lazy and un-ethical.

They spent millions of ruppes on ads showing jago grahak jago, asking customers making complaints in Indian courts and assure them to give the solution to their compalints in just a month, but how ironical is that when the customer actually gets motivated to make a complaint he is pissed off by the system.

He has to stand in long quequ to file a complaint, he can not complaint on their website or emails coz the idiot’s website do not work. Check www.core.nic.in

The case when reaches to the court is loaded with thousands of pending cases on which there were no hearing, due to the reason that the company officials never responded to the compalaint and they never care for the court notice just because they know that indian legal system is so poor that they can not be harmed by this and if they are given the penalty for no appereaing in front of the court then that penalty will be so less that they can pay this by their one hour salary, so why they will come in front of the court wasting their whole day and loosing the business.

After all this, where Indian system claims to resolve the cases in just one month, people gets the dates of the case for more than 2-3 months,

I guess they calculate one month by the number of visits of the customer to the court which is 30 after every 2-3 months.

When our government which should be our protector and care taker is quite and silent then definately companies will screw the Indian customer.

Indian government only helps in one way- Put their hands on customer face so that no one could hear them scream when they are getting screwd.

Should Indian Government Make Prostituion Legalize

Do you think Indian government is acting stupid, being an Independent democratic country where every one is independent, Indian government is trying to bust sex rackets.

When we all are independent and have can have our own lifestyle, then why Indian government is trying to interfere in personal lives of others.

Many super power countries like france, germany, netherlands, australia, USA & UK have legalized prostitution then why Indian government is not making prostitution legalized.

Why they are harassing people in the name of sex rackets. Its better to make it legalize when they are not able to control it.

Atleast Indian government can impose taxes on prostitution just like any other job.

Even after its illegal people are doing it, so better make it legal.

 

Zeenews Bureau

New Delhi: Days after a big sex racket was busted in the capital, the Delhi Police, Tuesday, busted another high-profile sex racket involving foreign girls.

The sex racket which was run via a website ‘top hot’ had only foreign girls mainly from Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Nepal. Six girls have been arrested in the raid, along with two pimps, one of whom is said to be a women.

The other arrested pimp, identified as Deepak Verma, was operating on behalf of the mastermind of the entire racket, Ashish, who is absconding.

They were operating out a rented flat in the posh South Extension locality in South Delhi. Their clientele was mainly from the affluent section of the society.

The girls operated not just within Delhi but in other cities of the NCR region as well.

On July 13, another high-profile sex racket was busted. Five girls and two pimps were arrested.

The sex racket which was run by a Dubai based lady had a unique modus operandi – the gang members travelled in an Audi car.

India is really a great diplomatic country

Its really true that India is really a great diplomatic country. This is a country where a person when selected for a government job has go go through several exams, medical fitness test, background check, police verification etc etc. But when we select a minister to drive our nation never pass through these test.

The age of retirement is 60 for all government department but ministers not even retire at 80. One such live example is our current PM Manmohan Singh, A person who is not able to walk properly is driving the whole nation, this is the reason why India is moving so slow.

Rahul Gandi aged 40 calls himself as young leader.

Kapil Sibal is a minister of DOT and do not support IT and just support billionaires like ambanis and saves them crores in taxes and even blocks all filesharing website for helping them. I dont know how ambanis have supported Kapil Sibal- Only God knows or Kapil Himself.

Some People Never Grow old.

Its true some people never grow old and I met a live example of it. Very recently during a official meeting for the website development of a charity organization, I met a very young lady aged around 35-40 for the website development of her charity organization ashish foundation.

I will still call her as young and beautiful. She runs a charity organization which works for mentally disabled children from age 7-20, kids with the special needs are really special and they are given a very wonderful and special treatment at ashish center, which I saw during my visit to their center.

I called her Young because she is full of so much energy and enthusiasm which is required to work with mentally disabled kids and beautiful, coz a person who is doing such a wonderful job without any self motive with such pure heart can never be ugly. After all its rightly said that outer beauty fades away but inner beauty will always remain beautiful for ever and ever.

I was highly impressed with the way this lady Miss. Geeta Modol is running this small center. I would surely like to congratulate and thank her for such wonderful and awesome job she is doing for kids.

My all the best wishes for her and continous support for all her future endeveours.

Why India can’t feed its people, asks Canadian media

In this Year of India in Canada, India is making news in the media here -not for the second highest growth rate in the world but for its ”absolute poverty” and failure to ”feed its people.’
The Canadian media has also likened “the boom in Bihar” to “a whimper.  Writing under the headline ‘Why India can’t feed its people,’ the country’s biggest daily Toronto Star reported from New Delhi Sunday, “Food is an all-consuming crisis here. Waste is only one facet.  Agriculture, infrastructure, inflation, innovation and corruption are others. It is a scourge and challenge for this country of 1.2 billion people…”
According to it, “40 percent of Indian children remain chronically malnourished,” with this figure in some parts of India even higher than some sub-Saharan countries.

Citing reports of hungry children eating mud in parts of Uttar Pradesh, the newspaper story said, “Today, there is less food available for each Indian resident that there was 30 years ago. In 2008, the most recent year for which statistics are available, India produced 436 grams of food grains per person per day, a drop from 445.3 in 2006.”
The report said, “As much as 40 per cent of all the fruits, vegetables and food grains grown in India never make it to the market.
The country wastes more grain each year than Australia produces, and more fruits and vegetables than the UK consumes.”
Blaming the lack of R&D for the crisis in the Indian agriculture sector which has led to 200,000 suicides since 1997, the report said, “While China pumps $3.5 billion into agricultural research – Chinese farmers grew 6.2 metric tons of rice per hectare in 2008, double India’s output – India’s spends a fraction of that.”
In another story from Dharampur Mushahar Toll in Bihar, the national daily Globe and Mail reported Sunday that  “the boom in Bihar sounds more like a whimper.”

Bihar, which has the lowest literacy rate, the highest child-mortality rate and the lowest life expectancy in India, has become a synonym not for intractable despair, but for turnaround under a new reformist government led by “a pot-bellied, teetotalling socialist engineer named Nitish Kumar,” the report said.
But “to travel in Bihar – in the rural areas or in the capital, Patna, where the streets are choked with garbage and the lights flicker out every couple of hours – is to see both how the place has changed, and how terribly far it has to go. And it is in this, more than anything else, that Bihar is emblematic of India – of its dark side of absolute poverty and exclusion, and how very difficult a task it is to change them,” the report said.

The paper said, “*Half the children (in Dharampur Mushahar Toll) are without clothes; a third of them have the deep hacking coughs and crusted snot of chronic respiratory-tract infections. *In the newly built early-learning centre, a gaggle of three-year-olds sits beneath one tattered poster of the English alphabet – not that there is anyone around who can read it.
*Few people have any food in their tiny houses; they buy what they can each day after working on the land of higher-caste villagers.”
*But giving credit to Chief Minister Nitish Kumar, who inherited a “wretched mess” after “15 years of misrule by a theatrical thug Lalu Prasad Yadav and his wife Rabri”, the report said that under him “the reign of the criminals (has) collapsed;* now, in the evenings, the city streets throng with shoppers and families out for ice cream.”

Infrastructure construction is booming, school enrollments have doubled and doctors and teachers show up for duty on time.
But “Mr (Nitish) Kumar, however good his intentions, cannot leapfrog his state into the 21st century. He can drag it to 1950, or 1970. But not to 2011. And there are pockets just like Bihar all over India where this is true.”

 

IN INDIA POWER IS IN THE HANDS OF………..

 

Unionized Gangsters posing as Political, Religious, Media, Business Leaders Bureaucrats & Judiciary are ruling India. They are ignoring basic facts India has world’s largest population of more than 850 mil poor that includes 350 mil filthy poor who are living a life worse than animals. 667 mil defecate in open which is more than 50% of 1.2 bil Indian population. These gangsters rather than coming up plans to tackle hunger, poverty & unemployment in India are stealing trillions from less fortunate in the society. None of them are loyal to India or Indians they all are traitors who should be hanged to death.

 

PM Singh who is the center of controversies in present trillion dollars scams has a checkered history since 1973 of presiding  over practically every major scam in India.  His philosophy of loyalty to Gandhi family & his own ambitions to rise in life made him keep his eyes close when he sees some one stealing public money.

 

There is not even a shred of decency, honesty, morality or Constitutional rights in the courts & corridors of powers for majority of Indians. Indians now live in a police state under Unionized Gangsters who are unfortunately controlled by Foreign Powers. They are free to do absolutely anything they want as long as they are loyal to Foreign Powers. Indian laws are meaningless. In India power is in the hands of rascals, rogues, freebooter’s, persons of low caliber & men of straw & Singh is the ring leader appointed by SoniaG.

Kapil Sibal saves Rs 650 crore Reliance Communications

The arrival of Kapil Sibal in the Communications Ministry has saved Anil Ambani’s Reliance Communications (RCom) a huge sum of money payable as penalty.

Sibal has whittled down the penalty of Rs 50 crore per circle proposed by the administrator of the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF) to a few lakhs for violating its contract to provide mobile services in rural areas.

The USOF is a fund used to subsidise rural telephony. Telecom operators can bid for providing this service, and even ask for subsidies. But RCom bid aggressively for many USOF clusters even without subsidies, and later found them unviable and switched off without the USOF Administrator’s permission.

Under an agreement dated 16 May, 2007, RCom had agreed to provide this service from base transceiver stations (BTSs) in 53 clusters (5,118 sites). As on 30 November 2010, RCom and its sister company Reliance Telecom had commissioned 3,205 BTSs.

RCom could have renegotiated its contract and sought a graceful exit, but it chose to act unilaterally by sending a notice dated 7 December, 2010, that it was cutting off services with effect from the previous month (from November 22). The notice said that it was switching of all but 46 BTSs, and even these would be terminated in two or three months, and stop paying power and fuel bills to the infrastructure provider, Bharat Sanchar Nigam Ltd (BSNL).

The official response was hard. In a show-cause notice dated 21 December, 2010, to Devinder Singh, President of RCom —a copy of which was sent to Anil Ambani— the USOF official rejected the arguments put forth by RCom and Reliance Telecom for an abrupt switchoff. “RCL (Reliance Communications) is in clear violation of the licence agreement as well as USOF agreement leading to disruption of continuity of service. Also there is no provision for USP (universal service provider, that is RCom) to unilaterally exit on his own from discharge of its performance obligations and go scot-free without performing.”

The show cause notice proposed the maximum fine of Rs 50 crore. (Firstpost assumed that if the same logic were to apply to all the 13 circles in which RCom had USOF agreements, the fine would rise to Rs 650 crore. However, we have now been told that the fine was Rs 50 crore overall).

The rural telecom operations under USOF were shut in 13 circles — Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Gujarat, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh (East), Uttarakhand and West Bengal.

Reliance sought six weeks’ time to reply to the show cause, but the USOF Administrator was in no mood to give it time unless it switched on the services first.

Sibal has whittled down the penalty of Rs 50 crore per circle proposed by the administrator of the USOF to a few lakhs for violating its contract to provide mobile services in rural areas. Reuters

But this is where Kapil Sibal worked his magic. Despite the fact that it was RCom that had unilaterally switched off its BTSs, he decided to treat RCom’s action as a mere “interruption” of service and lowered the penalty.

In doing so, he overruled the ‘strong’ recommendations of his Director (Telecom), Advisor (Finance), Member (Finance) and Secretary (Telecom). All of them had proposed a penalty of Rs 50 crore on RCom in one circle. But Sibal turned it down, arguing for a ‘simple penalty’ based on the number of days of service disruption at Rs 500 a day. Thus what could have been an exemplary fine for unilateral breach of contract was turned into a paltry amount of Rs 5.49 crore in 13 circles.

Explaining the reasons for his decision, Sibal cites a 16 February, 2011, letter from RCom saying that “they (RCom) have already switched on the sites in the earliest possible timeframe after mobilising their resources.” This letter was not part of any previous communication with the Department of Telecom.

The sequence of events is suggestive:

• On 2 February, 2011, Director (Telecom) signs an internal order proposing a penalty of Rs 50 crore from RCom in one circle.

• By 9 February, everyone up the chain, up to the Telecom Secretary, had signed on the internal order endorsing the Rs 50-crore penalty.

• On 16 February, RCom writes to Kapil Sibal. This letter was not apparently circulated to the rest of the telecom hierarchy – but no independent confirmation was available to Firstpost.

• On 18 February, Sibal springs a surprise by strongly referring to the 16 February letter of RCom and reducing the penalty.

While Sibal may be within his rights to overrule his officers and interpret the law in line with his judgment, RCom’s claims that it had switched on all the BTSs it had terminated on 22 November were not verified.

 

An RCom spokesperson told Firstpost: “RCom has been in discussions (with USO Fund administrator), both through meetings and written (communication), since 2009. Sites allocated to us in 2007-2008 are not viable due to considerable and undue delay in providing passive infrastructure like tower, power and shelter by BSNL. Pan-India operators’ presence improved tele-density in such rural areas since 2008 and consequently market access and addressable segment of rural subscribers was low during 2010-11.”

The RCom argument thus is that the BTSs were not viable for various reasons, and also because mobile operators were providing pan-Indian services at a low cost even in rural areas. So there was little market left to service.

However, the issue is not the viability of operations, but unilateral termination of service. An USOF note justifying the Rs 50-crore penalty points this out in no uncertain terms. “Had RCL (RCom) heeded to the direction of USOF to revive the switched off BTSs to restore continuity of services, a graceful exit could have been considered by incorporating an exit provision through an amendment of USOF agreement after approval of an exit policy by competent authority in this regard.”

Sibal’s decision clearly puts the RCom violation in the USOF space, and thus rules out penalties under UASL clauses, which are higher. Reuters

The RCom spokesperson did not address the question on unilateral closure of its rural telephony obligations under USOF. He argued that it was wrong to invoke Section 10.2 of the United Access Service Licence (that is, the main mobile licence, not the USOF agreement clauses) for a penalty of Rs 50 crore. “Neither is it violation of UASL or USO Fund agreements. RCom is not aware of the penalties and hence cannot comment.”

 

Sibal’s decision clearly puts the RCom violation in the USOF space, and thus rules out penalties under UASL clauses, which are higher. “This is important, especially when clearly ‘in-built’ penal provisions exist in the RCom-USOF Agreement, which provides for deduction in subsidy on pro-rata basis as well as Rs 500 a day in the case of prolonged interruption,” is the Sibal argument.

But equally the point is that RCom did not opt for subsidies. Which is why the Telecom Secretary and other senior officials maintained in their `internal’ order that it was not an “ordinary”disruption or interruption of mobile services in rural areas. “The voluntary and unilateral switch-off/closure/discontinuance/withdrawal of service in backward/underdeveloped rural and remote areas, on commercial considerations under a USOF-supported scheme, that too without any notice to those concerned and without any permission of competent authority or without ensuring continuity of service to subscribers, is a clear violation of USOF and UASL agreements and called for strict penal action.”

The story of improving tele-density in specified rural and remote areas began in 2007, when DoT decided to subsidise rural telephony operations. It decided to use the USO Fund to set up telecom stations in remote and inaccessible areas and invite private telecom companies to run these stations.

On 16 May, 2007, RCom and Reliance Telecom signed an agreement with USOF to install and commission about 8,200 Base Transceiver Stations (BTSs) in specified rural areas. BSNL was assigned the job to provide towers, power set-up and shelter for the BTSs in these areas. RCom was supposed to energise and run these stations and generate business for themselves in these areas. The agreement was for 20 years initially with the possibility of lifelong extension.

Since the government of India was investing crores of rupees in setting up infrastructure in specified rural and remote areas, the agreement signed with RCom and Reliance Telecom had no ‘exit’ clause.

In the absence of any separate licence agreement, the USOF agreement with RCom clearly specified that “the terms and conditions of the BSO (basic service operator) or CMTS (cellular mobile telephone service) or UASL licence agreement, as applicable, shall prevail and shall be binding mutatis mutandis (the necessary changes having been made).”

Till November 2010, RCom had set up 1,607 and Reliance Telecom 1,595 BTSs. The two soon discovered that they would not get the business they had anticipated and went into deep losses. On average, they had 70-80 consumers per BTS, while they were spending Rs 40,000 per month on diesel alone to radiate (i.e.make it capable of receiving signals) each BTS.

That’s why they switched off the BTSs without much ado. But the USOF Administrator was not amused. His show cause invoked clause 10.2 of the UASL against RCom for shutting down their telecom operations in USO Fund areas. The disruption of supply wasn’t ‘accidental’. It was a ‘deliberate’ and ‘unilateral’ decision to switch off and shut down the telecom operations. The show-cause demanded an answer from ADAG within 15 days as to why a penalty of Rs 50 crore should be not imposed on them for shutting down telecom operations and why the company should not be blacklisted.

RCom, however, chose not to reply. These were the days when A Raja was Communications Minister and about to be arrested. On 5 January, 2011, RCom sought six weeks’ time to reply to the show cause notice. The USOF officials offered to allow six weeks’ time provided RCom revived all the switched-off BTSs.

Since there was no reply for a while, the internal order on the show cause file was moving up the chain till it landed at Kapil Sibal’s table in February after Raja was jailed. This is when RCom sent a letter directly to Sibal, which he referred to in his note while reducing the penalties proposed. RCom has been levied penalties at the rate of Rs 500 a day for disruption of mobile services.

This is how Kapil Sibal saved Anil Ambani’s companies loads of money.

The Kapil Sibal rationale

Sibal’s decision was based on the fact that the RCom agreement had a direct penalty provision under USOF whereas the DoT used the Unified Access Service Licence rules to suggest a higher penalty. “When the USOF had a direct provision, that is the one applicable”, a telecom source said. “It would be wrong.” Reliance is also understood to have restored the switched off transceiver stations and the ministry has verified this.

DOT Banned all major files haring sites in India

This is self explained proof that Indian government, its officers and employees are really illeterate, ruthless people, They have secured there positions and jobs not by their talent and education but by giving bribe.
Instead of forming better laws in India, applying them strictly, and having much better security they have completely blocked the filesharing websites.

At one stage they say that Indian is a biggest democratic country and at other stage they are treating us their slaves, they want us to use things which they allow us, they want us to see what they show us, they want us to hear what they speak, they want us to follow them.

How is it possible that some un-educated people in the ministers cabinet decides something and they want 118 crore people to blindly follow them.

It reminds me of the incident when RBI blocked Paypal Operations in India. Instead of making our internal security more alert, instead of appointing more alert people in police and training them well, they are appointing most corrupt, lazy guys in police department by taking huge bribe and then in the name of national security they block such services.

What about the recent terror attack in mumbai, I guess it happened after the block of paypal in India, then how come there was another bomb explosion in mumbai.

Who is to be blamed for this and who is going to take responsibility- I guess Indian government will again put the blame on paypal for money laundring for terrorist activities for the same or may be  file hosting services for sharing the bomb making formulas.

At every stage Indian government is only showing the worst of their knowledge, behaviour, and courtesy. They want people to be their slave and bear all problems silently.

1. Attack on Baba Ramdev was a attack on every citizen of this country.
2. Closure of treasure in kerala temple is another example. When at this stage each and every product is at the peak of their price, Indian government is not able to decide if they should take out treasure from the temples in south India or not.
3. Just to give punishment to kasab they have taken  more than 3 years of time, How well educated are our judges and lawyers that they are not able to decide what punishement they should give to kasab, or rather say should they punish kasab or not.  Are They busy finiding eye witness for kasab case.

4. After 9/11 attack in america there have been no such incident after wards, but Indians will never learn from their mistake.

I dont know where my country is heading and where its corrupt ministers and government departments are taking it. I am not ashamed of calling myself Indian.

“DOT Banned all major filesharing sites in India including Rapidshare.com, mediafire.com, Megaupload.com, Mediafire.com, Megavideo.com, VideoBB.com, Novamov.com, Movshare.net, Putlocker.com, Hotfile.com, Fileserve.com, Filesonic.com, Filesonic.in, Depositfiles.com, Wupload.com.

This decision seem to be strange because still there are many porn sites are exploiting indian culture and they are not taken care of. This is major setback for these big hosting companies because India is one of the major source of web traffic to these sites. As per some officials this action was taken in order to prevent piracy.

DOT Banned all major files haring sites in India but it seems like none of the India netizens are supporting govt’s move of blocking the site. Slowly Indian govt is becoming more like Chinese govt but frankly telling you that govt is not capable of blocking these sites.”

Can India Be A Great Power?

 

Indian dream to be a big power
It was Mahatma Gandhi who once said, “Anger and intolerance are the enemies of correct understanding.”  Centuries before Gandhi, the Roman poet Virgil had stated: “Anger carries the mind away.” Pietro Aretino, the 15th century Italian author, categorically defined “anger” as an anti-intellect human emotion: “Angry men are blind and foolish…” Aretino declared. Modern social-psychology claims that anger is an emotional risk in communication, both in understanding it and in the process of communicating.
Many many Hindu Indians are angry – very very angry. This happened after this writer’s article “Is India a Great Power?” appeared in The Nation of January 26th, when angry Hindu readers (names indicate they are Hindus) unleashed a barrage of offensive emails (going as far as using indecent and foul language) and inconsistent political counter-attacks devoid of logical arguments or reason.
And yet, the overall effect of this hostile reaction has provided the opportunity to once again make the point that has been completely lost on Indian observers, foreign policy makers, political gurus, neo-con pundits and some readers of the said article – pure anger has replaced reasonable understanding!
Let us go back to some fundamental ground realities: Yes, India is a massively large country. Yes, it is an enormous economy (as some Indians claim, the fourth largest in the world). Yes, India’s foreign exchange reserves are tremendous. Yes, its information technology and universities have made quantum leaps. Yes, Indian nationals are making considerable contributions in commerce and other sectors in the US and other countries. Yes, India has a high profile in the eyes of the US and the Western world in the present geo-political environment.
But the question is: Does all that make India capable of being a great world power? More specifically, the question becomes vitally important when India’s entire march “forward” is in the context of a socio-economic- geo-political “status-quo” imposed globally by the US-West’s notion of ideological capitalism and hegemonic military-political imperialist doctrine. India is striving to find its place in global leadership “within the box,” imaging “great power” status precisely on the US-West’s lines.  India’s fire-power and military ferocity (as claimed in wiping out China and Pakistan in a matter of 4 hours) is not exactly what will make it a “great power.”  Thinking so is a paralysis of its political mindset inconsistent with the present-day needs of the masses all over the world – and particularly so to the majority of the Indian population living below the poverty line.
And that is precisely where the problem lies.
Consider the seductive psychological treatment meted out to India’s consciousness in the last decade or so.  Supposedly, India is in the forefront of a so-called cultural renaissance, jump- started by the US-West’s incessant “hail India” media-propelled intoxication: India has a “Miss World” (does it make any sense that there is only one single most beautiful woman in the entire world –  where are the modern Indian feminists?). After Hollywood, Bollywood is the unquestioned entertainment leader of the world (is film entertainment and semi-naked women  the opium of the starving poverty-stricken masses of India?) India has Noble Laureates for Literature in its fold (are not the Noble Prizes used as a seductive tool of political-psycholog ical manipulation of the masses?) Cricket – yes, India is the world leader (it has turned a “gentlemen’s” game into money-making scams truly in the precise image of “Mafioso-ism”- hasn’t it?) And the list goes on of Western capitalism’s unholy encroachments on the moral-social- spiritual fiber of the Indian society.
Isn’t this entire phenomenon of “India First Now” a part of the manipulative US-West’s political strategy – a caressing “Kama Sutra” diplomacy to entice India into a psychological bliss making it lose its rational bearings? When seductive pleasure is over, India will certainly get a wake-up call to the harsh realities of its sad existence. For India, the cruel truth, beyond Shah Rukh Khan’s show-biz eminence and Anil Kapoor’s glamorous debut on the popular American TV show, 24, is that it has a poverty-stricken disfranchised population.  And on top of that comes the Indian political establishment’s dream of India as a “great world power,” focused primarily on military might, taking on China, Pakistan, and whoever else. Quite an incredible political manifestation!
Let us be fair enough in conceding the fact, highlighted by the angry Hindu Indians, that Pakistan, compared to India, has made a mess of its country in the last six decades and is continuing to do so presently as well. And it is here, in this admission of a factual ground reality, that the crux of my argument lies for India’s future politics: a vitally important reason for Pakistan’s sixty years of a continued political abyss is in the Pakistani ruling-elite’s love affair with the US. This alliance with the US-West’s global, ideological, military and political objectives and goals, has driven Pakistan to its present state – in fact, a failure in constructing a viable democratic public welfare state. Unfortunately, India is heading in the same direction now with its recently-found love affair with the US.
This does not mean that America is an evil nation.  But it is quite certainly an evil empire. How else could the recent George W. Bush’s era, over a hundred military conflicts engineered by the US during the last century, the havoc of the destruction it has carried out in every corner of the world and the explicit moral-political contradictions in its policies, be explained?
The problem lies fundamentally with the American ideological foundations: Capitalism thrives on the basis of worldwide military conflicts, political domination and economic exploitation of other nation’s resources as well as subtle control of their political leaderships and elite ruling groups. In modern times, media and psychological manipulations have taken a central role in this process of penetrating in the decision-making structures of Third World countries.  It empowers the US-West and thereby to intervene and to influence political outcomes in favor of themselves, as well as benefitting a select group of local elites in several of these nations. Pakistan has been a victim of this exploitive process (indeed with full and complete collaboration of its ruling elite – they are the ones to be blamed). And now India stands at the verge of falling into the same trap
Angry Hindu Indians should understand that once a nation is hooked up to this kind of seductive US-West’s strategy and diplomacy, then there is no exit from this route. It invisibly, slowly and gradually leads to social disharmony, widening gaps between the rich and poor, economic disparity, social disorder and injustice, civil discords and the ascent of a select group of elites to economic and political power including a celebrity culture (largely comprised of film stars and athletes). The masses remain deprived, marginalized and helpless – hypnotized by a scandalous view of “greatness” seduced by media blitzes and tall grandiose nationalist claims.
At the present stage of human civilization, masses all over the world no more aspire to imperial grandeurs, neither do they identify with the glorious empires. They do not want wars, military conflicts, skyscrapers in urban centers, lofty ideals and claims of unprecedented military power capabilities to wipe out other nations and their innocent people in a matter of minutes.
I would assume, and it seems a reasonable supposition, that common Indians, all of them, wish to see an India that would take care of their gloomy and undoubtedly difficult existence, wipe out their deprivations and sufferings of poverty, disease, un-wellness, socio-cultural disorders, sociological disparities and ever-waning hopes of a truly socio-cultural renaissance.
I would also assume that the majority of Indians would prefer peace, stability, and prosperity over war, instability and lingering poverty.
The US-West’s “Kama Sutra” seduction and ideological romance with India will not deliver any of the above for its masses. Ideological “capitalism” is simply not compatible with the needs of the present-day world and is not able to offer resolutions to the suffering masses problematics.
Why doesn’t India espouse a visionary dream of a new world order and become an important global player to achieve a political entity for itself as a modern spiritual state that places pre-eminence to the masses welfare above and beyond a notion of a “Great Empire”?
Why doesn’t it think of its future as a nation of “saints” and moral spiritual sagas; a nation of peace – and moral high ground – a neighbor worthy of an emulative model of true human emancipation?  After all, in spiritualism, that is how “greatness” is defined.  Isn’t it?
That is the question I wish to pose to the angry Hindu Indians!
After all, India has the potentials: Wasn’t India the champion of the “Non-Aligned Movement”?
But many Hindu Indians are angry, very angry…
Perhaps, they never carefully listened to Mahatma Gandhi! They certainly didn’t! It was Mahatma who once said: “Anger and intolerance are the enemies of correct understanding.” !!
The writer is an academic, political analyst and conflict-resolution expert.

 

Contributed By- “chaudry” <k_w572001[@]yahoo.com>

Children crippled by India’s uranium waste

An Observer investigation has discovered a link between Indian electricity stations and physical and mental abnormalities

Hundreds of children in the Punjab have been contaminated with uranium in a pollution scandal with implications that could extend far beyond the borders of India.

Scientists and health workers have sounded the alarm after being confronted with a dramatic rise in birth defects, physical and mental abnormalities, and cancers in the Indian state. A subsequent Observer investigation has uncovered evidence linking the contamination to ash from the region’s coal-fired power stations. Tests on children born in areas around the power stations have revealed that many have high levels of uranium in their bodies.

The metal is concentrated in the fly ash produced when coal is burned. Tests on ground water around the plants show levels of uranium up to 15 times the World Health Organisation’s maximum safe limits.

The revelations coincide with the publication of a report by the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Thermal Engineering journal that warns of an increased radiation hazard to people living near coal-fired thermal power stations.

Staff at two clinics around the Punjabi city of Bathinda – where there are two coal-fired thermal plants – have reported alarming numbers of admissions of severely handicapped children. Children were born with enlarged or small heads, short arms and legs, cerebral palsy, Down’s syndrome and other complications. A German laboratory that tested samples taken from the children found massive levels of uranium in their bodies – in one case more than 60 times the maximum safe limit.

Studies of ground water suggest that while the uranium contamination is heaviest around the power plants, it extends across large parts of the state, which is home to 24 million people. The Indian government is committed to an expansion of thermal plants in Punjab and other states. Around the world, many other countries are planning to build new coal-fired power plants, including China, Russia, India, Germany and the United States. In the UK, there are plans for a coal-fired station at the Kingsnorth facility in Kent.

The children are being treated at the Baba Farid centres for special children in Bathinda and nearby Faridkot. Dr Pritpal Singh, who is in charge of the Faridkot clinic, said the number of children affected had risen dramatically in the past six or seven years and claimed the authorities were determined to bury the scandal. “They can’t just detoxify these kids, they have to detoxify the whole Punjab. That is the reason for their reluctance,” he said.

“They threatened us and said if we didn’t stop commenting on what’s happening they would close our clinic. But I decided that if I kept silent it would go on for years and no one would do anything about it. If I keep silent then the next day it will be my child. The children are dying in front of me.”

Dr Carin Smit, a South African clinical metal toxicologist who arranged for the tests to be carried out, said the situation could not be ignored. “There is evidence of harm for these children in my care and … it is an imperative that their bodies be cleaned up and their metabolism be supported to deal with such a devastating presence of radioactive material,” she said.

“If the contamination is as widespread as it would appear to be – as far west as Muktsar on Pakistan’s border, and as far east as spreading into the foothills of Himachal Pradesh – then millions are at high risk and every new baby born to a contaminated mother is at risk.”

A team of scientists from India’s Department of Atomic Energy visited the area and reported that while the concentration of uranium in drinking water was “slightly high”, there was “nothing to worry about”, although some of their tests recorded levels of uranium as high as 224micrograms per litre (mcg/l) – 15 times higher than the safe level of 15mcg/l recommended by the World Health Organisation. The US Environmental Protection Agency sets a maximum safe level of 20mcg/l. Scientists in Punjab who have studied the presence of uranium in the state have dismissed the government’s denials as a whitewash.

Dr Chander Parkash and Dr Surinder Singh, both from Amritsar’s Guru Nanak Dev University, said it was clear that uranium was present in large quantities in the ground water and should be investigated further.

In the Faridkot centre last week, 15-year-old Harmanbir Kaur’s test results came back and showed she had 10 times the safe limit in her body. Her brother, Naunihal Singh, six, had double the safe levels.

Harmanbir was born in Muktsar, 40km from Faridkot. Her mother, Kulbir Kaur, 37, has watched her child slowly degenerate from a healthy baby into the very ill girl she is today – dribbling constantly, unable to feed herself and lost in a world of her own.

“God knows what sin I have committed. When we go to our village people say there is a curse of God on you, but I don’t believe so,” she said. “Every part of this area is affected. We never imagined that there would be uranium in our kids.”

A few miles down the road in Bathinda, Sukhminder Singh, a 48-year-old farmer, watched his son Kulwinder, 13, staring into space while curling his hands under his chin. The tests showed that Kulwinder had 19 times the maximum safe level of uranium in his body. He has cerebral palsy and has already had seven operations to unbend his arms and legs. He is furious that the government has ignored the evidence of a serious health risk to children in the Punjab.

“The government should investigate it because if our child is affected it will also affect future generations,” he said. “What are they waiting for? How many children do they want to be affected? Another generation?”

Doni Choudhary, aged 15 months, is waiting to be tested, although staff say he shows similar symptoms to children whose results have revealed dangerous levels of uranium, and he is already being treated for suspected uranium poisoning. His mother, Neelum, 22, from the state capital, Chandigarh, says he was born with hydrocephaly – water on the brain. His legs are useless.

“He is dependent on others. After me, who can care for him?” Neelum says. “He tries to speak but he can’t express himself and my heart cries. When will he understand that his legs don’t work? What will he feel?”

Some scientists have also proposed that ground water may have been contaminated by contact with granite lying deep below the thick alluvial deposits that form the Punjab plains, although the parents of most of the children affected say they take their water from the mains supply, which comes from other sources.

Meanwhile, smoke continues to pour from Faridkot’s power station chimneys and lorries shuttle backwards and forwards, taking away the fly ash to be mixed into cement at the Ambuja factory next to the Bathinda power plant.

Inside the plant last week, there was ash everywhere, forming drifts, clinging to the skin, getting into the throat. In the main hall, the LED display showed the four generators are churning out 107 megawatts of electricity.

Ravindra Singh, the plant’s security officer, said that most of the ash went to the cement works, while the rest was dumped in ash ponds. The first coal-fired power station in Punjab was commissioned in Bathinda in 1974. It was followed by another in nearby Lehra Mohabbat in 1998. There is a third to the east, at Ropar.

Tests on ground water in villages in Bathinda district found the highest average concentration of uranium – 57mcg/l, three times the EPA’s safe limit – in the town of Bhucho Mandi, a short distance from the Lehra Mohabbat ash pond. This level of uranium means the lifetime cancer risk in the village is more than 150 times that of the normal population.